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Study of the chronic toxicity of the disinfectant drug Iodopovidone

The article reflects the results of preclinical studies of the chronic toxicity of the disinfectant drug Iodopovidone on non-linear laboratory white rats. Disinfectant Iodopovidon produced by LLC "Basalt" (Ukraine) is a polymer complex of iodine in its composition. The purpose of our research was to establish the chronic toxicity of the new promising disinfectant drug Iodopovedon. The experiment was conducted on the basis of the laboratory and clinic "Vetmedservis" of the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine of the National University of Life and Environmental Sciences of Ukraine on non-linear laboratory white rats in compliance with biotic norms in accordance with the Law of Ukraine "On the Protection of Animals from Cruelty" and the "European Convention on the Protection of Domestic Animals". 10 animals were involved in the experiment (5 animals - experimental and 5 animals - control), groups were formed according to the principle of analogues. Biochemical indicators of blood serum (total protein, albumins, globulins, glucose, urea, creatinine and activity of enzymes AsLT, AsAT), hematological indicators of blood and organ mass ratio (liver, kidneys, heart) were determined. Determinations were made in accordance with generally accepted methods. As a result of the study of biochemical indicators, a difference in the levels of total protein between the experimental and control groups was established within 2.1% due to a decrease in the level of the globulin fraction by 0.3% and a decrease in the level of the albumin fraction by 3.7% and a tendency to lower glucose levels by 28.0%. There was also a trend of an increase in AST activity by 7.3% and a decrease in ALT activity by 3.3%. The level of creatinine did not undergo pronounced changes against the background of an increase in the level of urea by 11.7%. When examining hematological indicators, a slight decrease in the number of lymphocytes by 6.6% and an increase in monocytes and granulocytes by 5.5 and 13.6% were found, respectively. The established changes in biochemical indicators of blood serum and hematological indicators of blood are insignificant and unlikely. The results of studies of the relative mass of internal organs - liver, kidneys and heart, to the final body mass of animals, indicate the absence of deviations. Therefore, the disinfectant preparation Iodopovidon does not cause pronounced changes in the critically important organs of the liver, kidneys and heart, does not cause pronounced changes in the morphological parameters of the blood of animals, the biochemical composition and activity of enzymes in the blood serum of white laboratory rats.

Key words: disinfectant, Iodopovidone, polymeric iodine complex, chronic toxicity, laboratory rats.

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